Check to make sure principal is authenticated if they have a login context and are...
[java-idp.git] / src / main / java / edu / internet2 / middleware / shibboleth / idp / profile / saml1 / ShibbolethSSOProfileHandler.java
1 /*
2  * Copyright [2007] [University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development, Inc.]
3  *
4  * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
5  * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
6  * You may obtain a copy of the License at
7  *
8  * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
9  *
10  * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
11  * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
12  * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
13  * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
14  * limitations under the License.
15  */
16
17 package edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.idp.profile.saml1;
18
19 import java.io.IOException;
20 import java.util.ArrayList;
21
22 import javax.servlet.ServletContext;
23 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
24 import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
25
26 import org.opensaml.common.SAMLObjectBuilder;
27 import org.opensaml.common.binding.decoding.SAMLMessageDecoder;
28 import org.opensaml.common.xml.SAMLConstants;
29 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.AttributeStatement;
30 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.AuthenticationStatement;
31 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.Request;
32 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.Response;
33 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.Statement;
34 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.StatusCode;
35 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.Subject;
36 import org.opensaml.saml1.core.SubjectLocality;
37 import org.opensaml.saml2.metadata.AssertionConsumerService;
38 import org.opensaml.saml2.metadata.Endpoint;
39 import org.opensaml.saml2.metadata.EntityDescriptor;
40 import org.opensaml.saml2.metadata.IDPSSODescriptor;
41 import org.opensaml.saml2.metadata.SPSSODescriptor;
42 import org.opensaml.util.URLBuilder;
43 import org.opensaml.ws.message.decoder.MessageDecodingException;
44 import org.opensaml.ws.transport.http.HTTPInTransport;
45 import org.opensaml.ws.transport.http.HTTPOutTransport;
46 import org.opensaml.ws.transport.http.HttpServletRequestAdapter;
47 import org.opensaml.ws.transport.http.HttpServletResponseAdapter;
48 import org.opensaml.xml.security.SecurityException;
49 import org.opensaml.xml.util.DatatypeHelper;
50 import org.slf4j.Logger;
51 import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
52
53 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.ShibbolethConstants;
54 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.profile.ProfileException;
55 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.profile.provider.BaseSAMLProfileRequestContext;
56 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.relyingparty.ProfileConfiguration;
57 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.relyingparty.RelyingPartyConfiguration;
58 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.relyingparty.provider.SAMLMDRelyingPartyConfigurationManager;
59 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.relyingparty.provider.saml1.ShibbolethSSOConfiguration;
60 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.common.util.HttpHelper;
61 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.idp.authn.ShibbolethSSOLoginContext;
62 import edu.internet2.middleware.shibboleth.idp.util.HttpServletHelper;
63
64 /** Shibboleth SSO request profile handler. */
65 public class ShibbolethSSOProfileHandler extends AbstractSAML1ProfileHandler {
66
67     /** Class logger. */
68     private final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ShibbolethSSOProfileHandler.class);
69
70     /** Builder of AuthenticationStatement objects. */
71     private SAMLObjectBuilder<AuthenticationStatement> authnStatementBuilder;
72
73     /** Builder of SubjectLocality objects. */
74     private SAMLObjectBuilder<SubjectLocality> subjectLocalityBuilder;
75
76     /** Builder of Endpoint objects. */
77     private SAMLObjectBuilder<Endpoint> endpointBuilder;
78
79     /** URL of the authentication manager servlet. */
80     private String authenticationManagerPath;
81
82     /**
83      * Constructor.
84      * 
85      * @param authnManagerPath path to the authentication manager servlet
86      */
87     public ShibbolethSSOProfileHandler(String authnManagerPath) {
88         if (DatatypeHelper.isEmpty(authnManagerPath)) {
89             throw new IllegalArgumentException("Authentication manager path may not be null");
90         }
91         if (authnManagerPath.startsWith("/")) {
92             authenticationManagerPath = authnManagerPath;
93         } else {
94             authenticationManagerPath = "/" + authnManagerPath;
95         }
96
97         authnStatementBuilder = (SAMLObjectBuilder<AuthenticationStatement>) getBuilderFactory().getBuilder(
98                 AuthenticationStatement.DEFAULT_ELEMENT_NAME);
99
100         subjectLocalityBuilder = (SAMLObjectBuilder<SubjectLocality>) getBuilderFactory().getBuilder(
101                 SubjectLocality.DEFAULT_ELEMENT_NAME);
102
103         endpointBuilder = (SAMLObjectBuilder<Endpoint>) getBuilderFactory().getBuilder(
104                 AssertionConsumerService.DEFAULT_ELEMENT_NAME);
105     }
106
107     /** {@inheritDoc} */
108     public String getProfileId() {
109         return ShibbolethSSOConfiguration.PROFILE_ID;
110     }
111
112     /** {@inheritDoc} */
113     public void processRequest(HTTPInTransport inTransport, HTTPOutTransport outTransport) throws ProfileException {
114         log.debug("Processing incoming request");
115
116         HttpServletRequest httpRequest = ((HttpServletRequestAdapter) inTransport).getWrappedRequest();
117         HttpServletResponse httpResponse = ((HttpServletResponseAdapter) outTransport).getWrappedResponse();
118         ServletContext servletContext = httpRequest.getSession().getServletContext();
119
120         ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext = (ShibbolethSSOLoginContext) HttpServletHelper.getLoginContext(
121                 getStorageService(), servletContext, httpRequest);
122
123         if (loginContext == null) {
124             log.debug("Incoming request does not contain a login context, processing as first leg of request");
125             performAuthentication(inTransport, outTransport);
126         }else if(!loginContext.isPrincipalAuthenticated()){
127             log.debug("Incoming request contained a login context but principal was not authenticated, processing as first leg of request");
128             performAuthentication(inTransport, outTransport);            
129         } else {
130             log.debug("Incoming request contains a login context, processing as second leg of request");
131             HttpServletHelper.unbindLoginContext(getStorageService(), servletContext, httpRequest, httpResponse);
132             completeAuthenticationRequest(loginContext, inTransport, outTransport);
133         }
134     }
135
136     /**
137      * Creates a {@link ShibbolethSSOLoginContext} an sends the request off to the AuthenticationManager to begin the
138      * process of authenticating the user.
139      * 
140      * @param inTransport inbound message transport
141      * @param outTransport outbound message transport
142      * 
143      * @throws ProfileException thrown if there is a problem creating the login context and transferring control to the
144      *             authentication manager
145      */
146     protected void performAuthentication(HTTPInTransport inTransport, HTTPOutTransport outTransport)
147             throws ProfileException {
148
149         HttpServletRequest httpRequest = ((HttpServletRequestAdapter) inTransport).getWrappedRequest();
150         HttpServletResponse httpResponse = ((HttpServletResponseAdapter) outTransport).getWrappedResponse();
151         ShibbolethSSORequestContext requestContext = new ShibbolethSSORequestContext();
152
153         decodeRequest(requestContext, inTransport, outTransport);
154         ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext = requestContext.getLoginContext();
155
156         RelyingPartyConfiguration rpConfig = getRelyingPartyConfiguration(loginContext.getRelyingPartyId());
157         loginContext.setDefaultAuthenticationMethod(rpConfig.getDefaultAuthenticationMethod());
158         ProfileConfiguration ssoConfig = rpConfig.getProfileConfiguration(ShibbolethSSOConfiguration.PROFILE_ID);
159         if (ssoConfig == null) {
160             String msg = "Shibboleth SSO profile is not configured for relying party "
161                     + loginContext.getRelyingPartyId();
162             log.warn(msg);
163             throw new ProfileException(msg);
164         }
165
166         HttpServletHelper.bindLoginContext(loginContext, getStorageService(), httpRequest.getSession()
167                 .getServletContext(), httpRequest, httpResponse);
168
169         try {
170             URLBuilder urlBuilder = HttpServletHelper.getServletContextUrl(httpRequest);
171             urlBuilder.setPath(urlBuilder.getPath() + authenticationManagerPath);
172             String authnEngineUrl = urlBuilder.buildURL();
173             log.debug("Redirecting user to authentication engine at {}", authnEngineUrl);
174             httpResponse.sendRedirect(authnEngineUrl);
175         } catch (IOException e) {
176             String msg = "Error forwarding Shibboleth SSO request to AuthenticationManager";
177             log.error(msg, e);
178             throw new ProfileException(msg, e);
179         }
180     }
181
182     /**
183      * Decodes an incoming request and populates a created request context with the resultant information.
184      * 
185      * @param inTransport inbound message transport
186      * @param outTransport outbound message transport
187      * @param requestContext the request context to which decoded information should be added
188      * 
189      * @throws ProfileException throw if there is a problem decoding the request
190      */
191     protected void decodeRequest(ShibbolethSSORequestContext requestContext, HTTPInTransport inTransport,
192             HTTPOutTransport outTransport) throws ProfileException {
193         if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
194             log.debug("Decoding message with decoder binding {}", getInboundMessageDecoder(requestContext)
195                     .getBindingURI());
196         }
197
198         HttpServletRequest httpRequest = ((HttpServletRequestAdapter) inTransport).getWrappedRequest();
199
200         requestContext.setCommunicationProfileId(getProfileId());
201
202         requestContext.setMetadataProvider(getMetadataProvider());
203         requestContext.setSecurityPolicyResolver(getSecurityPolicyResolver());
204
205         requestContext.setCommunicationProfileId(ShibbolethSSOConfiguration.PROFILE_ID);
206         requestContext.setInboundMessageTransport(inTransport);
207         requestContext.setInboundSAMLProtocol(ShibbolethConstants.SHIB_SSO_PROFILE_URI);
208         requestContext.setPeerEntityRole(SPSSODescriptor.DEFAULT_ELEMENT_NAME);
209
210         requestContext.setOutboundMessageTransport(outTransport);
211         requestContext.setOutboundSAMLProtocol(SAMLConstants.SAML11P_NS);
212
213         SAMLMessageDecoder decoder = getInboundMessageDecoder(requestContext);
214         requestContext.setMessageDecoder(decoder);
215         try {
216             decoder.decode(requestContext);
217             log.debug("Decoded Shibboleth SSO request from relying party '{}'", requestContext
218                     .getInboundMessageIssuer());
219         } catch (MessageDecodingException e) {
220             String msg = "Error decoding Shibboleth SSO request";
221             log.warn(msg, e);
222             throw new ProfileException(msg, e);
223         } catch (SecurityException e) {
224             String msg = "Shibboleth SSO request does not meet security requirements: " + e.getMessage();
225             log.warn(msg);
226             throw new ProfileException(msg, e);
227         }
228
229         ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext = new ShibbolethSSOLoginContext();
230         loginContext.setRelyingParty(requestContext.getInboundMessageIssuer());
231         loginContext.setSpAssertionConsumerService(requestContext.getSpAssertionConsumerService());
232         loginContext.setSpTarget(requestContext.getRelayState());
233         loginContext.setAuthenticationEngineURL(authenticationManagerPath);
234         loginContext.setProfileHandlerURL(HttpHelper.getRequestUriWithoutContext(httpRequest));
235         requestContext.setLoginContext(loginContext);
236     }
237
238     /**
239      * Creates a response to the Shibboleth SSO and sends the user, with response in tow, back to the relying party
240      * after they've been authenticated.
241      * 
242      * @param loginContext login context for this request
243      * @param inTransport inbound message transport
244      * @param outTransport outbound message transport
245      * 
246      * @throws ProfileException thrown if the response can not be created and sent back to the relying party
247      */
248     protected void completeAuthenticationRequest(ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext, HTTPInTransport inTransport,
249             HTTPOutTransport outTransport) throws ProfileException {
250         ShibbolethSSORequestContext requestContext = buildRequestContext(loginContext, inTransport, outTransport);
251
252         Response samlResponse;
253         try {
254             if (loginContext.getAuthenticationFailure() != null) {
255                 requestContext.setFailureStatus(buildStatus(StatusCode.RESPONDER, null, "User failed authentication"));
256                 throw new ProfileException("Authentication failure", loginContext.getAuthenticationFailure());
257             }
258
259             resolveAttributes(requestContext);
260
261             ArrayList<Statement> statements = new ArrayList<Statement>();
262             statements.add(buildAuthenticationStatement(requestContext));
263             if (requestContext.getProfileConfiguration().includeAttributeStatement()) {
264                 AttributeStatement attributeStatement = buildAttributeStatement(requestContext,
265                         "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:cm:bearer");
266                 if (attributeStatement != null) {
267                     requestContext.setReleasedAttributes(requestContext.getAttributes().keySet());
268                     statements.add(attributeStatement);
269                 }
270             }
271
272             samlResponse = buildResponse(requestContext, statements);
273         } catch (ProfileException e) {
274             samlResponse = buildErrorResponse(requestContext);
275         }
276
277         requestContext.setOutboundSAMLMessage(samlResponse);
278         requestContext.setOutboundSAMLMessageId(samlResponse.getID());
279         requestContext.setOutboundSAMLMessageIssueInstant(samlResponse.getIssueInstant());
280         encodeResponse(requestContext);
281         writeAuditLogEntry(requestContext);
282     }
283
284     /**
285      * Creates an authentication request context from the current environmental information.
286      * 
287      * @param loginContext current login context
288      * @param in inbound transport
289      * @param out outbount transport
290      * 
291      * @return created authentication request context
292      * 
293      * @throws ProfileException thrown if there is a problem creating the context
294      */
295     protected ShibbolethSSORequestContext buildRequestContext(ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext,
296             HTTPInTransport in, HTTPOutTransport out) throws ProfileException {
297         ShibbolethSSORequestContext requestContext = new ShibbolethSSORequestContext();
298         requestContext.setCommunicationProfileId(getProfileId());
299
300         requestContext.setMessageDecoder(getInboundMessageDecoder(requestContext));
301
302         requestContext.setLoginContext(loginContext);
303         requestContext.setRelayState(loginContext.getSpTarget());
304
305         requestContext.setInboundMessageTransport(in);
306         requestContext.setInboundSAMLProtocol(ShibbolethConstants.SHIB_SSO_PROFILE_URI);
307
308         requestContext.setOutboundMessageTransport(out);
309         requestContext.setOutboundSAMLProtocol(SAMLConstants.SAML11P_NS);
310
311         requestContext.setMetadataProvider(getMetadataProvider());
312
313         String relyingPartyId = loginContext.getRelyingPartyId();
314         requestContext.setPeerEntityId(relyingPartyId);
315         requestContext.setInboundMessageIssuer(relyingPartyId);
316
317         populateRequestContext(requestContext);
318
319         return requestContext;
320     }
321
322     /** {@inheritDoc} */
323     protected void populateRelyingPartyInformation(BaseSAMLProfileRequestContext requestContext)
324             throws ProfileException {
325         super.populateRelyingPartyInformation(requestContext);
326
327         EntityDescriptor relyingPartyMetadata = requestContext.getPeerEntityMetadata();
328         if (relyingPartyMetadata != null) {
329             requestContext.setPeerEntityRole(SPSSODescriptor.DEFAULT_ELEMENT_NAME);
330             requestContext.setPeerEntityRoleMetadata(relyingPartyMetadata.getSPSSODescriptor(SAMLConstants.SAML11P_NS));
331         }
332     }
333
334     /** {@inheritDoc} */
335     protected void populateAssertingPartyInformation(BaseSAMLProfileRequestContext requestContext)
336             throws ProfileException {
337         super.populateAssertingPartyInformation(requestContext);
338
339         EntityDescriptor localEntityDescriptor = requestContext.getLocalEntityMetadata();
340         if (localEntityDescriptor != null) {
341             requestContext.setLocalEntityRole(IDPSSODescriptor.DEFAULT_ELEMENT_NAME);
342             requestContext.setLocalEntityRoleMetadata(localEntityDescriptor
343                     .getIDPSSODescriptor(SAMLConstants.SAML20P_NS));
344         }
345     }
346
347     /** {@inheritDoc} */
348     protected void populateSAMLMessageInformation(BaseSAMLProfileRequestContext requestContext) throws ProfileException {
349         // nothing to do here
350     }
351
352     /**
353      * Selects the appropriate endpoint for the relying party and stores it in the request context.
354      * 
355      * @param requestContext current request context
356      * 
357      * @return Endpoint selected from the information provided in the request context
358      */
359     protected Endpoint selectEndpoint(BaseSAMLProfileRequestContext requestContext) {
360         ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext = ((ShibbolethSSORequestContext) requestContext).getLoginContext();
361
362         Endpoint endpoint = null;
363         if (requestContext.getRelyingPartyConfiguration().getRelyingPartyId() == SAMLMDRelyingPartyConfigurationManager.ANONYMOUS_RP_NAME) {
364             if (loginContext.getSpAssertionConsumerService() != null) {
365                 endpoint = endpointBuilder.buildObject();
366                 endpoint.setLocation(loginContext.getSpAssertionConsumerService());
367                 endpoint.setBinding(getSupportedOutboundBindings().get(0));
368                 log.warn("Generating endpoint for anonymous relying party. ACS url {} and binding {}", new Object[] {
369                         requestContext.getInboundMessageIssuer(), endpoint.getLocation(), endpoint.getBinding(), });
370             } else {
371                 log.warn("Unable to generate endpoint for anonymous party.  No ACS url provided.");
372             }
373         } else {
374             ShibbolethSSOEndpointSelector endpointSelector = new ShibbolethSSOEndpointSelector();
375             endpointSelector.setSpAssertionConsumerService(loginContext.getSpAssertionConsumerService());
376             endpointSelector.setEndpointType(AssertionConsumerService.DEFAULT_ELEMENT_NAME);
377             endpointSelector.setMetadataProvider(getMetadataProvider());
378             endpointSelector.setEntityMetadata(requestContext.getPeerEntityMetadata());
379             endpointSelector.setEntityRoleMetadata(requestContext.getPeerEntityRoleMetadata());
380             endpointSelector.setSamlRequest(requestContext.getInboundSAMLMessage());
381             endpointSelector.getSupportedIssuerBindings().addAll(getSupportedOutboundBindings());
382             endpoint = endpointSelector.selectEndpoint();
383         }
384
385         return endpoint;
386     }
387
388     /**
389      * Builds the authentication statement for the authenticated principal.
390      * 
391      * @param requestContext current request context
392      * 
393      * @return the created statement
394      * 
395      * @throws ProfileException thrown if the authentication statement can not be created
396      */
397     protected AuthenticationStatement buildAuthenticationStatement(ShibbolethSSORequestContext requestContext)
398             throws ProfileException {
399         ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext = requestContext.getLoginContext();
400
401         AuthenticationStatement statement = authnStatementBuilder.buildObject();
402         statement.setAuthenticationInstant(loginContext.getAuthenticationInstant());
403         statement.setAuthenticationMethod(loginContext.getAuthenticationMethod());
404
405         statement.setSubjectLocality(buildSubjectLocality(requestContext));
406
407         Subject statementSubject;
408         Endpoint endpoint = selectEndpoint(requestContext);
409         if (endpoint.getBinding().equals(SAMLConstants.SAML1_ARTIFACT_BINDING_URI)) {
410             statementSubject = buildSubject(requestContext, "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:cm:artifact");
411         } else {
412             statementSubject = buildSubject(requestContext, "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:cm:bearer");
413         }
414         statement.setSubject(statementSubject);
415
416         return statement;
417     }
418
419     /**
420      * Constructs the subject locality for the authentication statement.
421      * 
422      * @param requestContext current request context
423      * 
424      * @return subject locality for the authentication statement
425      */
426     protected SubjectLocality buildSubjectLocality(ShibbolethSSORequestContext requestContext) {
427         SubjectLocality subjectLocality = subjectLocalityBuilder.buildObject();
428
429         HTTPInTransport inTransport = (HTTPInTransport) requestContext.getInboundMessageTransport();
430         subjectLocality.setIPAddress(inTransport.getPeerAddress());
431
432         return subjectLocality;
433     }
434
435     /** Represents the internal state of a Shibboleth SSO Request while it's being processed by the IdP. */
436     public class ShibbolethSSORequestContext extends
437             BaseSAML1ProfileRequestContext<Request, Response, ShibbolethSSOConfiguration> {
438
439         /** SP-provide assertion consumer service URL. */
440         private String spAssertionConsumerService;
441
442         /** Current login context. */
443         private ShibbolethSSOLoginContext loginContext;
444
445         /**
446          * Gets the current login context.
447          * 
448          * @return current login context
449          */
450         public ShibbolethSSOLoginContext getLoginContext() {
451             return loginContext;
452         }
453
454         /**
455          * Sets the current login context.
456          * 
457          * @param context current login context
458          */
459         public void setLoginContext(ShibbolethSSOLoginContext context) {
460             loginContext = context;
461         }
462
463         /**
464          * Gets the SP-provided assertion consumer service URL.
465          * 
466          * @return SP-provided assertion consumer service URL
467          */
468         public String getSpAssertionConsumerService() {
469             return spAssertionConsumerService;
470         }
471
472         /**
473          * Sets the SP-provided assertion consumer service URL.
474          * 
475          * @param acs SP-provided assertion consumer service URL
476          */
477         public void setSpAssertionConsumerService(String acs) {
478             spAssertionConsumerService = acs;
479         }
480     }
481 }